Campaigners hope that a new website will educate c

first_imgCampaigners hope that a new website will educate children – and their teachers – about the “eugenicist agitation” that led to tens of thousands of people with learning difficulties being incarcerated for life throughout much of the twentieth century.The new educational resource* is built around the film No Longer Shut Up (pictured), which tells the story of disabled campaigner and self-advocate Mabel Cooper, who was institutionalised in the 1950s, and kept in long-stay hospitals for more than 30 years, as a result of bogus assessments of her IQ.Legislation introducing widespread detention of people with learning difficulties was first brought in through the 1913 Mental Deficiency Act, and was based on the same eugenicist ideology that would lead to forced sterilisation and racist immigration control in the US, and the extermination of tens or even hundreds of thousands of disabled people by the Nazis in the 1930s.On her release, Cooper worked to increase awareness about the old long-stay hospitals, and was awarded an honorary Open University degree in 2010, three years before she died.The website, launched in parliament this week as part of UK Disability History Month (DHM), includes activities for both mainstream and special educational provision, and covers issues such as disability rights, discrimination and bullying.Among those subjects, it examines “the impact of attaching labels to people”, daily life in the long-stays, how disabled residents resisted the hospital regimes that oppressed them, and the new challenges created when increasing numbers of people like Mabel Cooper began to be returned to live in the community from the 1980s.The website also examines how many disabled people, particularly those who are autistic, are still being locked up against their will in assessment and treatment units.And it examines the use of disability-related language, the subject of this year’s DHM.Richard Rieser, DHM’s coordinator, said that the kind of “false science” that led to Cooper’s incarceration was still being used today to assess how children should be educated, for example through 11-plus exams.He said: “We are hoping that schools will all start using this to show how science can be misused and show how people can be affected in such a dramatic way.“We need to uncover these things that have gone on, both in the past and in the present.“It’s about looking at the past but also how we change things in the present to get greater equality for disabled people.”Rieser told the parliamentary event that it was vital that people with learning difficulties were supported to “become voices for their own rights”, as Mabel Cooper had done.He said that disabled people had always resisted oppression and that “we must build that resistance now and we must ask non-disabled people to be our allies”.Patrick Burke, founder and chair of People First Merseyside for more than 25 years, told the launch event about some of his own experiences of being institutionalised for more than 20 years in a long-stay hospital.Ian Davies, former chair of Central England People First and a member of The Open University’s Social History of Learning Disability steering group, said afterwards that the online resource was “a really good project”.He said: “We need to get [young] people involved at a very early stage, so they understand what is happening.”Rieser said later, at an event held to launch UK Disability History Month, that the way language was used can either empower or disempower disabled people.He said: “We live in a world where if you triumph over the tragedy you become a superhuman on Channel 4.“What about the rest of us? Are we lesser humans or ‘under-humans’?“Should all disabled people be measured [against the Paralympics]? I don’t think so.“Or should we all be seen as the government would like us to be seen, as scroungers… the not quite deserving poor?“This is the language used to describe us and it has an impact and leads to death on the streets.”He pointed to the deaths of disabled people like Kevin Davies, Raymond Atherton and Francecca Pilkington, who all died as a result of disability hate crimes.Louise Regan, vice-president of the National Union of Teachers, said the resource was “going to be a really valuable tool for our members in schools, and also to educate themselves”.*The resource is a collaboration between the Living Archive of Learning Disability History Project (led by the Open University, working with Rix Research and Media and the University of Leeds), UK Disability History Month, Access All Areas theatre group, and the self-advocacy training organisation Advocreate. It has been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Councillast_img read more

The new boss of Disability Rights UK DR UK has p

first_imgThe new boss of Disability Rights UK (DR UK) has pledged to do more to involve young disabled people in the organisation’s work, and improve its relationships with other disabled people’s organisations (DPOs) and grassroots campaigning groups.Kamran Mallick (pictured) took over as chief executive of the national, pan-disability, user-led organisation this month, following the retirement of Liz Sayce.His previous job was as chief executive of Action on Disability (AoD), an organisation he helped to double in size over nearly 13 years in charge.He says he has already been made “very much aware” by other disabled people since his appointment of concerns that DR UK had grown too close to the government.But in his first major interview since his appointment, he has told Disability News Service that he has no plans for DR UK to stop engaging with government.Instead, he will build on his own experience of “working round the table” with the local council, in Hammersmith and Fulham, while at the same time working closely with an influential and outspoken grassroots organisation, Hammersmith and Fulham Coalition Against Cuts (HAFCAC).He said: “We found a working pattern where HAFCAC were the vocal group within the borough and what AoD and I were doing was listening and supporting that group but [also] working round the table with the local authority.”He said it was a “balancing act” to be trying to influence the council and yet also “show people round the table the viewpoint I was coming from and the injustices of the impact on equalities and things that were happening to disabled people”.That dual approach with HAFCAC appeared to work.As HAFCAC’s Kevin Caulfield told an event held to launch new research on personal assistance earlier this month, Hammersmith and Fulham council has abolished charging for care services, ringfenced the funding disabled people had previously received from the Independent Living Fund, and set up an independent review of the decision by a previous administration to scrap the direct payments support service.But Mallick said there had to be a limit to working closely with government, or other organisations.He said: “It’s important to remember there is always a line that we draw where you say, ‘This is my line and I won’t cross that,’ where things are being done that are fundamentally wrong.“Having that red line is really important. It’s important to me, and I know it’s important to many [other] disabled people as well.”He is unwilling to say yet what those red lines might be, but he is clear about some of the areas where he believes the government has been wrong over the last seven years: the move from disability living allowance to personal independence, the closure of the Independent Living Fund, cuts to employment and support allowance, cuts to social care, and cuts to the government’s Access to Work programme.He said: “I am aware of some of the criticism levelled at DR UK and people have felt since they heard I was joining that they wanted to tell me those criticisms, and so absolutely I will be looking at those.“I do want to understand what the criticisms were, what the substance of that was, our position, DR UK’s position, and whether or not we would change that.”He said it was too early to say too much about how DR UK might change under his leadership, but he stressed that he wanted to build closer relationships with other DPOs and see the organisation work more closely with younger disabled people.There was also a hint – but no more – that he might take a tougher line on some issues, although he was clear that he wanted to continue to engage with the government.He said there might be a change of approach from DR UK on some key issues, and was “keen” to examine DR UK’s stance on some of those areas.Like Liz Sayce before him, he will draw in his work on his own lived experience as a disabled person.In his case, he spent his early years in a special school, before his parents managed to convince the local authority to transfer him to a mainstream school at the age of 14, just before he started his GCSEs.But that led to further barriers, both at school and afterwards, as he tried to build a career after graduating with a degree in business studies.After his A-levels, he made the decision to move away from home so he could live independently, and studied for his degree part-time while he worked with Hounslow council’s social services team in its performance improvement unit.This was followed by a year’s secondment with a local DPO, and a move to the spinal injuries charity Aspire, where he headed a national IT and training programme, before moving to AoD.While he joined AoD (or Hammersmith and Fulham Action on Disability, as it was called at the time), the organisation had a turnover of about £400,000, with much of this coming from the local authority.He focused in his time in charge on “creating a diversified portfolio of income sources and on growth”, and by the time he left, the number of staff had doubled from 12 to 24, and the turnover had trebled to £1.2 million, with local authority grants just five per cent of that.Four years ago, he changed the organisation’s remit to allow it to work across Greater London, so he could expand its employment service.Even though the council stopped funding its benefits advice service, he kept it going through funding from trusts and the use of AoD reserves.He leaves AoD at a time when his work on supported internships for young disabled people – which saw employment success rates of as much as 70 per cent – has just been recognised with a huge City Bridge Trust grant for Inclusion London to build on its work.The model he developed grew over seven years, from working with one private sector multi-national at the start to now working with six private and public sector organisations, offering 50 internships, with about 70 per cent of those young disabled people in work at the end of the year.Mallick believes it was the time he spent at AoD that has equipped him for the DR UK job, learning about both the barriers faced by disabled people and their positive attitudes to those barriers, and working with the local authority and local disabled activists to produce “positive change”.He said: “I found what I regard as very innovative solutions to some of the barriers people were facing.“I then changed the remit of that organisation (AoD) to be more regional rather than just one borough.”Now he says he wants to bring that knowledge and experience to a national organisation and “use that to influence what I hope I can do here”.His immediate priority is to learn about DR UK “and the broad spectrum of the areas that it is trying to work in, where it is being successful, where there is room for improvement”.DR UK, he said, is “led by disabled people, it’s user-led, so it has an incredibly important part to play.“I see it as being representative of disabled people across the country and ensuring we are listening to disabled people about what’s going on for them in terms of equality and rights nationally.“The thing I really want to do is ensure we remain relevant, and do that by encouraging young people to come in, and for us to start listening to young people” and “bring young disabled people’s voice into the work of DR UK so that they can influence what DR UK is about and what it does and focuses on in the future”.He contrasts this aim with his own upbringing as a young disabled man, when he had no contact with any disability organisations other than when he was attending a special school.He also wants to “bring DR UK closer to DPOs, so that we continue to hear from DPOs who are doing the frontline work, who are doing the day-to-day, who are experiencing what is going on locally, because that is where I have come from.“I have come from a DPO that I grew. I am very proud of that and I want to not lose connections with DPOs.“I think that’s something that would be of strength to the organisation so it has support from DPOs in what it is doing and saying.”This hope for closer working relationships also applies to grassroots organisations such as the Spartacus Network and Disabled People Against Cuts.He said: “I think it’s important to have relationships with those groups because they have a view, they have an opinion.“They have things that they want to be heard and I think it’s important that we do hear that voice and we do not cut that voice out.”He said he almost fell into the disability sector, forced into that area because of the barriers he faced while trying to find a mainstream job with his business degree, having “endless interviews” and “never really getting anywhere”.He “absolutely” sees this as discrimination, with employers “making assumptions about me based on how I looked as a wheelchair-user, people’s pre-conceived ideas of me, what I can and cannot do.“At that point, at a younger age, they [disability discrimination] weren’t the words I would have given it at that point because I didn’t have those words, but now looking back on it, absolutely, they were very much the barriers we all talk about that disabled people face.“So I experienced all those through schooling, in education and then in trying to find work and build a career for myself.”His schooling, he said, was a “very mixed experience” that he “would not wish on anyone”.He moved from being “looked after and almost cared for” at a special school, where although he made friends there was no formal curriculum and he did not feel he was learning or being challenged, to a mainstream school where he “enjoyed the challenge of learning” but faced bullying.He wanted to study physics, but the physics lab was up a flight of stairs, so he had to take a bus to another school for his physics lessons.He said: “My experience has helped form my belief in inclusive education as the right way to be educated at all ages.“I had huge challenges there, but that’s part of what built my character today.”last_img read more

SAM Burgess has been named captain of the England

first_imgSAM Burgess has been named captain of the England Rugby League team.Burgess, who has played for his country 16 times (England 14 / Great Britain 2), will captain the side throughout the 2016 Ladbrokes Four Nations in the absence of the injured Sean O’Loughlin, who has been ruled out of the tournament through injury.Speaking about his appointment as captain, Burgess, said: “It is an absolute honour and privilege to be asked to captain my country and to lead this group through the Four Nations tournament. I want to thank Wayne for having the trust and belief that I can do the job and I am determined to do my best for this team.“Although I am captain on the field for this tournament, there are a group of leaders in this squad and I know that we will work together and as hard as possible to try to achieve success on the pitch for England.”Burgess, who plays his club rugby for the South Sydney Rabbitohs, is playing for the national side for the first time since the 2013 World Cup semi-final. He will captain the team against New Zealand, Scotland and Australia, in the last International tournament before next year’s Rugby League World Cup.Discussing the decision to make Burgess England captain, Head Coach Wayne Bennett, said: “I know the importance and pride that is placed on being captain of England. In Sam I believe we have got the right guy for the job whilst Sean is injured. He is a player and man who leads from the front and has the utmost respect from his teammates and fellow professionals.“I know how much it means to Sam to play for his country, he is a huge player across our sport and he knows how to inspire and get the best out of people. I am certain he will do a great job as England captain.”The 2016 Ladbrokes Four Nations featuring England, Australia, New Zealand and Scotland starts on Friday, October 28 and more than 50 per cent of tickets are priced at £25 or less. Buy tickets from or call the Rugby League Ticket Hotline on 0844 856 1113 (calls to this number will cost 7p per minute plus your phone company’s access charge.)Full 2016 Ladbrokes Four Nations schedule is as follows:Friday October 28 (8.00pm): Australia v Scotland, Lightstream Stadium, HullSaturday October 29 (2.30pm): England v New Zealand, The John Smith’s Stadium, Huddersfield (GENERAL ADMISSION SOLD OUT)Saturday November 5 (5.30pm): England v Scotland, Ricoh Arena, CoventrySaturday November 5 (8.00pm): New Zealand v Australia, Ricoh Arena, CoventryFriday November 11 (8.00pm): New Zealand v Scotland, The Zebra Claims Stadium, WorkingtonSunday November 13 (2.00pm): England v Australia, The London Stadium, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, LondonSunday November 20 (2.30pm): Final, Anfield, Liverpoollast_img read more