Cheick Doukouré does not lift his head since last February 24, practically a year ago, he fell fulminated on the grass of the City of Valencia in the controversial penalty Casemiro, which ultimately meant the victory of Real Madrid in Orriols. In hot, the Ivorian finished the match, playing more than 15 minutes with the ligament completely broken. It was his third serious knee injury at 26 (27 today), with two surgical interventions on the left behind him.Those of Paco López they came back to face the whites. To those who had already defeated in the first round in the Santiago Bernabeu, in the second historic victory of the club granota in Chamartin. Since then, the Costa Rican has not stepped on a pitch again and has been able to exercise in a dropper with the rest of the group, both in the Levant and now in his assignment in the Huesca. Doukouré suffered a torn anterior cruciate ligament of his left knee in that action and was intervened on March 6, 2019, a day marked in black on his particular calendar. They will understand later.The player “hit the air while trying to clear the ball and landed on the ground with his left leg completely unbalanced,” as the medical part of the Levant said. Carvajal, meanwhile, said he had heard the kick “from 25 meters.” The controversy was served.Virtually 365 days later, when he began to take his first steps in group dynamics in the Alto-Aragonese complex, problems arose again in the form of an injury. This time because of a muscle break in the biceps femoris of his left leg, the intervention after the Brazilian penalty. A disease as a result of the hard rehabilitation process through which he has gone through the last year.A new slowdown on his way back to the pitch and a hard setback for Huesca, who has not yet been able to count on him. A new chapter in his private Calvary with a protagonist to highlight: his left knee.The medical history is terrifying. On March 6, 2018, he suffered a grade III sprain in the internal lateral ligament of the same joint, avoiding the operating room, but missing the rest of the season. It was raining on wet. Already in 2015-16 he had lived his first crusader break on the left …
GEORGETOWN, Guyana (CMC):Former Guyana batsman, Rabindranauth Seeram, has criticised West Indies selectors for overlooking left-arm spinner Veerasammy Permaul for the upcoming tour of Sri Lanka.Permaul, the leading wicket-taker in the 2014-15 first-class season, was last week left out of the 15-man squad in favour of uncapped Barbados left-arm spinner Jomel Warrican.”The selectors definitely made a huge error by not taking Permaul to Sri Lanka,” Seeram told Guyana Times.”I am not too sure what basis they want to pick the team on, but I believe form plays an important part in our selection.”Permaul takes 67 wicketsPermaul finished with 67 wickets during the West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) Professional Cricket League as Guyana Jaguars romped to the capture of the inaugural title.However, the 26-year-old was less than spectacular in his two Tests this year, taking four wickets in the third Test against England and two in the second Test against Australia in Kingston.Overall, he has taken 18 wickets in six Tests at 43 runs apiece.Warrican, meanwhile, snared 49 wickets at 14 runs apiece for Barbados Pride.Seeram, who averaged 35 in 41 first-class games between 1983 and 1992, said Permaul and leg-spinner Devendra Bishoo would have formed an excellent partnership on the spin-friendly wickets in Sri Lanka.”The Guyanese spin twins of Devendra Bishoo and Veerasammy Permaul have proven time and again in recent history that they can consistently demolish batting sides,” Seeram said.”Both spinners complement each other well, and in Sir Lanka, where the pitches are on the slow side, the two would have delivered the goods for us.”West Indies play two Tests, three one-day internationals and two Twenty20 Internationals, in a tour running from October 14 to November 12.
Dear Editor,Based on the recent picketing by the minibus operators, it’s a relief to see the operators picketing for a reduction in gas prices, instead of fare increase. I would not agree to one article in the dailies: that for over a decade, there has not been a raise in bus fare.A short drop fare is supposed to be $60, but during the PPP/C era, the fare was increased to $80; and sadly, on the West Coast of Demerara, it was $100. At certain hours they demand that, and some so called ‘shine buses’ charge three hundred instead of two hundred dollars.However, instead of calling for a fare increase, they are calling for reduction; which is fair enough, because I am sure they are aware of the conditions of people’s wages in society today.Editor, not too long ago, I penned a letter about the wages and working conditions in places especially on the West Coast, and immediately after, I heard some official had visited a certain place I mentioned.Now I am not hearing of any development at these places, and it should be noted that many places are still underpaying staff with threat of things hard, people looking for jobs and people want work.Now, most shop girls are working above the seven or eight hours’ shift for a measly $1000 or $1200. I know definitely $1200 is the most being paid all over, especially in Berbice and West Coast of Demerara. What is even more disgusting is that they are forced to work whole day on Saturdays and Sundays for the same day’s pay, and they are given a day off during the week.Now, that is not the only atrocity being committed against the working public, but in Guyana, it seems as though your job designation has a different meaning. Most places you go to, including some Government Ministries, you will find the security guard querying your purpose, calling to verify etc. Some have to either direct or escort you. The only part short of them being called guard-receptionist is them not answering the telephones.Security has a whole new meaning here for me. You visit a store, the employees have to sweep and wipe. They have to fetch, pack, measure, and do a lot of extra work that is extended beyond their duty of sales girl/boy. They should have been given the cleaner’s salary and also the handyman’s/porter’s salaries because they are doing those jobs.When this Government took over, their first agenda was to award themselves a huge salary increase, citing that will ease the corruption; but we are still hearing of allegations. They are allowed free living, some of them paying a huge rent a month that an average man cannot earn whole year. Their allowances are more than a month’s salary for anyone, and to top it off, round off any Minister’s salary to the hundred thousand and still the man doing a decent job not getting enough to match the change in a Minister’s salary.One would only have to watch at what is taking place and make one’s own assumption and realise we are only living on promises whilst we are decaying.Sincerely,Sahadeo Bates
0Shares0000Real Madrid’s forward Gareth Bale warms up on August 7, 2017 © AFP / DIMITAR DILKOFFSKOPJE, Macedonia, Aug 7 – Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho laid down the gauntlet to UEFA Super Cup opponents Real Madrid by expressing his desire to bring Gareth Bale to Old Trafford.Speaking to reporters in the Macedonian capital of Skopje on Monday, Mourinho said he would wait to see what Bale’s role for Real in Tuesday’s match would be before deciding whether the Welshman was worth pursuing. “If he plays tomorrow it is because he is in the plans of the coach and the club, and it is in his own plans and ambitions to stay there. Then I won’t even think about it,” said Mourinho of the 28-year-old.“If he is not in the club’s plans and it is true that a player like Bale is at the departure gate, I will try to be there waiting for him at the other side.“But if he plays tomorrow it is the clearest signal that he is staying there.”Manchester United’s coach Jose Mourinho guides a training session in Skopje on August 7, 2017 © AFP / DIMITAR DILKOFFBale moved to the Spanish capital from Tottenham Hotspur in 2013 for a then world-record fee of 100.8 million euros ($119m).However, injuries restricted his involvement during last season’s run-in and he was only a substitute in Real’s 4-1 Champions League final win over Juventus in Cardiff.He has been linked with a move away from the Santiago Bernabeu as Real are among the clubs fighting to sign Monaco forward Kylian Mbappe.The French teenager has been linked with a 180 million-euro transfer although Manchester City are also keen and Paris Saint-Germain are believed to want him to play alongside their world record recruit Neymar.– Fit again –However, Madrid coach Zinedine Zidane instead preferred to focus on Bale’s improved physical condition when asked to respond to Mourinho’s comments.Real Madrid’s coach Zinedine Zidane in Skopje on August 7, 2017 © AFP / DIMITAR DILKOFF“The important thing is that the player is well. He has had continuity training with us. The end of last season was not easy for him. He was out for almost four months, but now he is fine,” Zidane said.“What matters to us is not what another coach says, but what he does for us tomorrow.”United have already splashed out close to £150 million (165m euros, $195m) in this transfer window on three players — Swedish defender Victor Lindelof from Benfica, Serbian midfielder Nemanja Matic from Chelsea and Belgian striker Romelu Lukaku from Everton.Matic is the most recent arrival and Mourinho admitted he is unlikely to have more than a limited role in Tuesday’s game at the Philip II Arena, which pitches last season’s Europa League winners United against the reigning European champions.Mourinho also confirmed that, while Marcos Rojo, Luke Shaw and Ashley Young are on the sidelines, Tim Fosu-Mensah did not travel to the Balkans with the squad because he is set to seal a loan move away from the club.Eric Bailly is still suspended in Europe following his red card in the Europa League semi-final against Celta Vigo in May and fellow defender Phil Jones is banned too.His suspension is the result of a run-in with an anti-doping official after United’s Europa League final win over Ajax in Stockholm at the end of last season.“I was expecting that the appeal would be negative,” said Mourinho, who is preparing to come up against the club he coached for three years before leaving in 2013.“The only thing I hope is that tomorrow, the team that wins, if some team wants to celebrate, a player wants to get his medal, enjoy with his teammates, I just expect that the doping committee sends somebody with him and doesn’t close him in a room and forbid the guy to enjoy a special moment.”Jones was given a two-game suspension for insulting an official and was fined 5,000 euros after staying on the pitch to celebrate his team’s win rather than going straight to a doping control.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
What about this for a scary scene?It’s ‘scary’ the lengths some people will go to in order to help out a very worthy cause!Staff, students and VTOTs creche staff and children from the Adult Education and Training Centre Letterkenny did a Halloween 5k Walk fundraiser in aid of Donegal Hospice yesterday. And after the frightening the life out of half of Letterkenny, they managed to raise a whopping €404.50. Congrats to al involved!Staff present a cheque to Grace Boyle of the Donegal Hospice. DONEGAL HOSPICE GETS A FRIGHT BUT IT’S ALL FOR A GOOD CAUSE! was last modified: October 24th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Donegal County Council has announced that gritters will be out around parts of Donegal tonight from 9pm.Temperatures will drop to lows of -1C this Tuesday night, as Met Eireann forecasts a calm and cloudy night with patches of mist and fog.The following routes will be gritted from 9pm tonight, Tuesday: 01: National Primary North02: National Primary Central04: Inishowen South09: Cill Ulta East12: Binswilly13: Stranorlar North14: Stranorlar East15: Stranorlar West18: Donegal SouthLT: Letterkenny TownCheck Donegal County Council’s interactive map for gritting routesAssume that no road is ice-free. Frosty night ahead for parts of Donegal with gritters deployed was last modified: November 12th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:gritters
Oscar’s long-range effort 10 minutes into the second half put Chelsea within sight of the fourth round of the Capital One Cup.Matt Mills equalised for Bolton after Kurt Zouma had scored on his Chelsea debut to put them ahead at Stamford Bridge.But the lead was restored when Oscar belted home from 30 yards.Andre Schurrle had been at the heart of the early action as the Blues dominated, firing wide and then seeing an in-swinging left-wing free-kick palmed to safety by the outstanding Andy Lonergan.Bolton keeper Lonergan then did brilliantly to tip Schurrle’s 16th-minute free-kick onto the bar as Chelsea continued to attack.And the German went close again when he cut in from the left and sent a low shot wide from near the edge of the penalty area.The breakthrough for Chelsea eventually came when Bolton were unable to clear Oscar’s corner and after headers from Gary Cahill and then Loic Remy, Zouma fired into the net from close range.Mohamed Salah then almost doubled with the lead when he curled wide from near the edge of the penalty area.Chelsea seemed to be in complete control but were suddenly pegged back when centre-back Mills rose to head home Liam Feeney’s free-kick.Loic Remy is making his first start for Chelsea, whose line-up also includes keeper Petr Cech, who is captaining the team, Mohamed Salah and Nathan Ake.Dutch youngster Ake would have put the hosts back in front in spectacular fashion had Lonergan not managed to push away his 30-yarder shortly before the break.Bolton rode their luck early in the second half when Darren Pratley escaped after handling the ball in the area.And Lonergan produced another fine save to tip over Oscar’s near-post header from Schurrle’s right-wing free-kick.But Oscar eventually did find a way past the Wanderers stopper to put Jose Mourinho’s side back in the driving seat.Chelsea (4-2-3-1): Cech; Azpilicueta, Zouma, Cahill, Luis; Mikel, Ake; Salah, Oscar, Schurrle; Remy.Subs: Schwarzer, Ivanovic, Hazard, Drogba, Matic, Christensen, Baker.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
The rotary engine ATP synthase has been discussed frequently in these pages (e.g., 12/22/2003, 08/10/2004, 08/04/2010) as an exquisite “molecular machine” that produces the cell’s energy pellets (ATP) with a rotary, turbine-like mechanism. Now, a piston-driven engine has been found at work in every cell’s energy factory. ATP synthase operates at the end of a sequence of machines in the respiratory chain that generates chemical energy (in the form of ATP) from the food we eat (or from sunlight, in the case of plants). The enzyme runs on proton motive force – a flow of protons that drive its carousel-like rotor. But how does the proton gradient get established? That’s the job of Respiratory Complex I, the first machine (enzyme) in the chain. Complex I takes electrons from food, stored in NADH molecules, and transfers them down a chain of electron receptors to parts of the machine that pump protons across the mitochondrial membrane into the periplasm, setting up a proton gradient. It now becomes evident that Complex I includes parts that move like pistons. Complex I was reported in a July Science Express paper as having a railroad-like coupling rod (see 07/06/2010). This week, The Scientist described it as “A piston proton pump,” referencing a paper from Nature last May:1 Richard P. Grant reported, The mechanism proposed by Leonid Sazanov’s group at the Medical Research Council in Cambridge is “almost completely unexpected,” says Faculty Member Thomas Meier. Unlike the ATP synthase, which “drives protons across the membrane in a rotary turbine-like motion,” writes Faculty member Nathan Nelson in his review, the transfer of electrons from NADH cause a slight widening of one part of the complex, forcing the long helix to move like the a [sic] row of pistons that shove protons across the membrane.Some scientists feel this important finding will rival the excitement about the discovery that a rotary engine produces ATP. One faculty member “predicts that it will become one of the most cited papers in respiratory chain research, as important to our complete understanding of energy generation as is the mechanism of ATP synthase.” The original paper in Nature1 used the same piston metaphor and contained the same enthusiasm:The overall architecture of this large molecular machine is now clear. F-ATPase [ATP Synthase] has been compared to a turbine. In a similar vein, complex I seems to resemble a steam engine, where the energy of the electron transfer is used to move a piston, which then drives, instead of wheels, a set of discontinuous helices.Tomoko Ohnishi, commenting on this paper in the same issue of Nature, continued the piston metaphor in his title, “Structural biology: Piston drives a proton pump.”2 He described how the food we eat goes through a “highly efficient process” called oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria, ending in the synthesis of ATP. Complex I was known to have some distance between its electron acceptors and the transmembrane antiporters. It was unknown how the parts were coupled. Now, the mechanism of the first enzyme, Complex I, is becoming clear:The membrane-spanning enzyme known as complex I couples the movement of electrons to that of protons as a way of converting energy. Crystal structures suggest how electron transfer drives proton pumping from afar. Complex I is one of the energy-converting enzyme complexes found in the membranes of the cell’s fuel factories, the mitochondria, and was the last such complex without a structural portrait. But in an epoch-making paper in this issue, Sazanov and colleagues1 describe X-ray structures of bacterial complex I, and report that it has an unusual ‘piston’ mechanism for controlling proton movement across mitochondrial membranes (see page 441).Both the original paper and Ohnishi’s summary contain diagrams showing how the piston mechanism works in conjunction with the connecting rod described in the 07/06/2010 entry. ATP Synthase was mentioned in a PNAS commentary this week.3 Stuart L. Ferguson [Oxford U] recounted the decades of effort to determine how ATP was generated. He indicated that much remains to be learned, including why different life forms have different numbers of c-subunits in the F0 rotor (for background, see 12/22/2003, 08/10/2004, 08/04/2010), but mentioned “the apparently universal nature of the ATP synthase” in passing, indicating that even lowly bacteria have these elegant machines. Eukaryotes (including all plants and animals) and eubacteria, but not archaea, “are from sequence analyses very similar,” he mentioned. Archaea also use forms of ATP synthase that differ from those of eukaryotes in some respects.1. Efremov, Baradaran, and Sazamov, “The architecture of respiratory complex I,” Nature 465 (27 May 2010), pages: 441?445, doi:10.1038/nature09066.2. Tomoko Ohnishi, “Structural biology: Piston drives a proton pump,” Nature 465 (27 May 2010), pages 428?429, doi:10.1038/465428a.3. Stuart L. Ferguson, “ATP synthase: From sequence to ring size to the P/O ratio,” http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2010/09/20/1012260107.full.pdf+html>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print September 21, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1012260107.So what can evolutionists do with the discovery of rotary engines and piston engines in the simplest forms of life, all the way up to humans? They just attribute it all to the remarkable creative power of the goddess Evolution. A Nature Education article by Nick Lane (cf. 08/11/2010) referred to the piston paper by Efremov et al, saying “Again, the structure betrays the mechanism – in this case not a rotary motor but, even more surprisingly, a lever mechanism not unlike the piston of a steam engine (Figure 2),” But then, Lane invoked Michael Russell’s lame hydrothermal waste dump myth (02/15/2008) – you remember, the one that falsified the primordial soup myth (02/05/2010) – to draw a parallel from simple proton gradients in deep sea vents to the proton gradients that drive pistons and rotors in the cell. That’s like comparing rolling stones to automobiles, or clouds to aircraft. Look at his convoluted reasoning to get from rolling stones to automobiles without intelligent design:There are, of course, big open questions – not least, how the gradients might have been tapped by the earliest cells, which certainly lacked such sophisticated protein machinery as the ATP synthase,” Lane admitted. “There are a few possible abiotic mechanisms, presently under scrutiny in Russell’s lab and elsewhere. But thermodynamic arguments, remarkably, suggest that the only way life could have started at all is if it found a way to tap the proton gradients. So tell us, Nick, did Life try to tap into these gradients on purpose? After all, if it “found a way,” it must have been looking for it. In Lane’s vision quest, Life, in some nebulous form lacking ATP and a proton gradient, studies those deep-sea vents with furrowed brow, asking “How can we tap into that?” But wait – without a way to tap into it already, it would have no energy to look for, discover, and harness the proton gradient. Well, that must imply, then, that all the machinery just “arose” all together, fully formed, by chance. Maybe it was a miracle: “the acquisition of mitochondria and the origin of complexity could be one and the same event,” he said. Only an evolutionist gets away with this kind of nonsense in scientific lit. But that’s not all. Lane proceeded to extend his mythology to all complex life, with all its organs and functions, speculating how it all originated with proton gradients. In the end, though, he had to admit the whole idea was a myth:The question is, what kind of a cell acquired mitochondria in the first place? Most large-scale genomic studies suggest that the answer is an archaeon – that is, a prokaryotic cell that is in most respects like a bacterium. That begs the question, how did mitochondria get inside an archaeon? The answer is a mystery but might go some way toward explaining why complex life derives from a single common ancestor, which arose just once in the 4 billion years of life on Earth.Well, at least he recognized he left some “big open questions” begging. Nothing more needs to be said. He just shot any claim to science out from under his own feet and showed himself belonging to a “mystery” cult, along with the editors of Nature, who, by printing his speculations, became willing accomplices in promoting the mystery cult. Take Nick Lane’s freak show (08/11/2010) to Mad Magazine where it belongs. The rest of us are enjoying this confirmation of intelligent design at the smallest scale of life. You’re running on pistons and rotary engines. Cool! Lane gets a teeny bit of credit for sharing one amazing factoid in his article about the electrical potential in your body set up by these proton gradients: “A membrane potential of 150 mV across the 5-nanometer membrane gives a field strength of 30 million volts per meter – equivalent to a bolt of lightning.” You’ve got lightning in your tank. Hot!(Visited 55 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The sphinx-shaped hill of Isandlwanalooms over the field of battle. The famous battle painting by artistCharles Fripp. (Images: Wikimedia Commons) MEDIA CONTACTS • Major Anthony StepMilitary historian+27 43 742 0677 or +27 82 749 4545 RELATED ARTICLES • South Africa looks back 100 years • Dash of Zulu in the heart of London • Praise for new isiZulu paper• Ninety Years on Golden Wings • South Africa’s tourist highlightsShamin ChibbaPresident Jacob Zuma commemorated the 131st anniversary of the Battle of Isandlwana with a call to all Africans to heed the lessons of that day, and be as brave and tenacious as the Zulu warriors who fought for their freedom.In one of the most iconic paintings depicting the Battle of Isandlwana, a work by British artist Charles Fripp, a British commander can be seen pushing a bugle boy from his regiment ahead of him in an act of mercy, so that the youth could be killed quicker. Or so the story goes.This is just one of the thousands of stories that came out of the Battle of Isandlwana, fought on a patch of land 16km east of the Tugela River in then Zululand, now part of KwaZulu-Natal province. Almost to the day 131 years later, on 22 January, President Jacob Zuma stood on the very site to honour the 2 300 Zulu warriors and British soldiers who lost their lives.“At the time, the battle proved that although Africa may not have been as developed as the rest of the world, it was our determination and the spirit to fight for a better life, which is and will remain the main ingredient to success,” said Zuma.The president addressed a number of dignitaries including Zulu king Goodwill Zwelithini, KwaZulu-Natal premier Zweli Mkhize, and the president of Uganda, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. The Ugandan president was in South Africa on a state visit to complete a number of agreements related to development of agriculture, sanitation and public works amongst others.Drawing parallels to the Zulu triumph at Isandlwana, Zuma said Africans should use that same resilience to overcome our everyday battles against climate change and poverty.“As we continue the quest for peace and stability on the continent, we must be spurred on by the sacrifices of the warriors who fought so that Africa could be free and prosperous.”The Zulu army were led by the legendary King Cetshwayo who, said Zuma, believed in negotiation instead of war. According to Major Anthony Step, military historian and curator of the Buffalo Volunteer Rifles Military Museum in East London, Zuma’s statement holds true.“Cetshwayo told his impi warriors not to do anything until the British crossed the Tugela River into Zululand,” said Step.However, under the guidance of their commander-in-chief Lord Chelmsford, the British did just that, heading for Ulundi, the home of King Cetshwayo. The invasion mobilised the Zulus to attack.The battle started when a British scouting party found a massive gorge within which the Zulu army camped. Before the scouts could get their message back to their troops, they were killed, and thus the battle began.British excuses for defeatFor all the British technology and advanced weaponry, the Zulus’ warring spirit was all that was needed to ensure victory, albeit with assegais and shields made from animal hide versus the Martini-Henry breech-loading rifles and other artillery of the enemy.Step said there are many debatable reasons why the British were defeated. For one they were outnumbered and were beaten by the famous buffalo horn formation (izimpondo zankomo) that the Zulu warriors deployed.Zuma explained in his speech that the chest of the formation attacked the British infantry and the horns pounced on the right and left flanks, delivering a secondary blow that was to prove fatal. As a result, the 20 000-strong Zulu force annihilated the British third column.Step added that another reason for their defeat was that they ran out of ammunition. “Those who ran back for ammunition were denied by quartermasters who would not provide ammunition for troops in other companies.”Step also mentioned the construction of the metal boxes in which the ammunition were stored were cumbersome. The lid had to be unscrewed, which took too much time in the heat of battle. “The troops were not in a defensive position and they ended up in little pockets of resistance,” he said.Nevill Coghill and Teignmouth Melvill, both part of the South Wales Borderers infantry, made an effort to save the Queen’s colours of their regiment. While trying to cross the swollen Buffalo River, they were killed by the Zulus.“They both got Victorian Crosses for their effort. The colours were later retrieved, presented to Queen Victoria, and now reside at the Royal Welsh Brecon Museum,” said Step. “Their infantry’s lapel badge was that of a sphinx, and those who fought at the battle remarked that the Isandlwana mountain resembled the sphinx.”The British went on to redeem themselves at Rorke’s Drift, where they successfully defended their mission station against an assault of 3 000 to 4 000 Zulus.And what happened to the bugle boy in Fripp’s painting? “The boy was pushed ahead so that he could be killed quickly and not to be cut up into little pieces,” said Step.
EY Africa Attractiveness Survey 2015SA is the top destination for FDI projects – the country attracted 121 projects in 2014/15SA was the favourite destination for Chinese projects, securing 34.4% of total Chinese investment on the African continentNorth Africa rebounds as inflows to Southern Africa falter: Egypt comes second with 71 projects; Morocco comes third with 67 projectsThe above are actual greenfields investments, and does not account for flows in the financial markets – which – if included will show that SA is the top destination for FDI and financial market activity in AfricaContext: Africa’s share of global FDI grew from 3.6% in 2003 to 7,7 in 2012, and the continent more than doubled its share of global FDI flows from 7.8% in 2013 to 17.1% in 2014Global FDI flow indicators on SA: OutboundEY – Africa Attractiveness Survey (2015)South Africa is the second largest source of FDI into the African continent (53 projects launched in 2014).SA is the leading intra-regional investor in the financial services sector (16 projects launched in 2014.Outbound Investment2013 budget speech of then minister of Finance, Pravin Gordhan, indicated that during the 2008-2013 period the South African Reserve Bank approved nearly 1000 large investments by South African corporations into 36 African countriesNDP underlines critical importance of boosting intra-African trade and integration of regional marketsJohannesburg Stock Exchange currently ranked the 19th largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalisation and the largest exchange in AfricaIndustrial Development Corporation (IDC) has investments in 60 projects across 20 countries that creates a cumulative African investment portfolio of R7.5 billion by March 2014With so many SA and multinational corporates that operate from Joburg into other African markets, the city’s logistical, air, inland port, and related soft infrastructure provides a solid base for corporates to establish regional headquarters.Brand SA Fieldwork ResearchTHE SA INC SERIESRationale:SA’s reputation is shaped by foreign policy; trade interactions as well as a divergent sets of relationships & interests (governmental, non-governmental, and business)Objectives:Development of framework of analysis that considers all elements of SA’s strategic economic, diplomatic, multilateral, and peace & security engagements on the continentIntegrated view of SA’s footprint on the continent for strategic marketing, communications, and reputation management projectsThe SA Inc. Project: FieldworkCycle 1 – 2014/15: Kenya, Nigeria, GhanaCycle 2 – 2015/16: Russia, Angola, DRC, SenegalBrand SA’s Africa strategy: development of SA presence & reputation in select markets/multilateral environmentsSouth Africa In(c) series research reports based on:direct fieldwork studiesdesktop researchSA Inc. Project: Kenya – South Africa Bilateral TradeTotal Bilateral Trade (2015)Kenya Imports from SA: R 7 778 157 829SA Imports from Kenya: R 214 882 875Total Bilateral Trade: R7 993 040 704SA Inc. Project: Kenya Key FindingsChallenges & opportunities for interaction between the countries:SA’s reputational strengths:SA democratic transition, strong institutionsMajor interest in SA music & cultureSA’s reputational challenges:SA seen as losing competitive edge, & not promoting internal developmentSA character/personality perceived as imposing & aggressiveSA companies losing to local competition due to poor market entry strategies and ‘know it all’ attitudesSA Inc. Project: Nigeria – South Africa Bilateral TradeTotal Bilateral Trade (2015)Nigeria Imports from SA: R 7 524 647 002SA Imports from Nigeria: R 35 016 713 902Total Bilateral Trade: R 42 541 360 904SA Inc. Project: Nigeria Key FindingsSA’s reputational strengths:SA highly visible & respected (more than 150 companies active in market)SA’s democratic transition, institutional & infrastructural profile appreciated & referenced as key attractiveness featureInterest in business & investment interactions as well as cultural, music, tourism & related experiencesSA’s reputational challenges:Despite major business & investment footprint, concerns about SA character & business cultureWith Nigeria’s rebased GDP, SA considered to be losing competitive edgeSA character/business persona can be perceived as imposing & aggressiveSA co’s losing to local competition due to quick adaptation & learning and not woking with local partners in market entry, maintenance & expansion strategiesSA Inc. Project: Ghana– South Africa Bilateral TradeGhana Imports from SA: R 4 102 457 867SA Imports from Ghana: R 175 234 249Total Bilateral Trade: R4 277 692 116SA Inc. Project: Ghana Key FindingsSA’s reputational strengths:SA’s corporate governance, managerial, technical, & other expertiseStrong people-to-people relations & potential for expansion in creative spheres, e.g. design, music, visual artsSA corporates & their products & services widely known & utilised in marketGhanaians prefer ‘international brands’, incl. those from SAPotential in building deeper social & cultural relations via music, arts, design and cultural diplomacySA entrepreneurs use Accra as regional base/hub for West African business operationsSA Inc. Project: Angola– South Africa Bilateral TradeTotal Bilateral Trade (2015)Angola Imports from SA: R 8 034 823 695SA Imports from Angola: R 15 372 088 529Total Bilateral Trade: R23 406 912 224SA Inc. Project: Angola Key FindingsSA and Angola have a ‘bi-polar’ history…Therefore critical that interested parties carefully select expats and South African experts to be deployed in the marketAngolans describe themselves as arrogant, and South Africans are also criticised as being arrogant – need for increased cultural contact and building of mutual understandingUnderstand political & administrative context and “do homework”! Invest adequate resources (time and money) in preparing to enter the marketTake time & invest in relationship-building; identify reliable local partnerRecognise importance of language and (business) culture, e.g. Portuguese South Africans play a constructive role in several SA corporates in the marketLeverage off strong bilateral political relationsApproach Angolan government with ‘what can we do for you’ rather than ‘we are great at this and will bring it to you’SA Inc. Project: DRC– South Africa Bilateral TradeTotal Bilateral Trade (2015)DRC imports from SA: R 11 925 581 263SA Imports from DRC: R 1 145 732 485Total Bilateral Trade: R 13 071 313 748SA Inc. Project: DRC Key Findings‘The Congo is open for business!’ – unlike other markets, former colonial power doesn’t enjoy privileges in terms of exploiting business opportunitiesAcknowledge local business culture & need for “courting” – relationship-building is key, both with government and business, if one is reap any rewards from engaging in the market.When entering DRC, SA corporates must take caution not to be perceived as arrogant by expecting host to adapt to their ways of doing businessAgriculture is key competitive strength – SA recognised for its expertise in sector. Given that DRC only utilises ≈10% of its 80m hectares of arable land, there’s enormous potential for SA to play a role hereSouth Africa’s Lieutenant General Derrick Mbuyiselo Mgwebi, Force Commander of the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO)“The Congo is a big country with a relatively small budget and many priorities”Great expectations, ample opportunities and overwhelming prioritiesSA to utilise well-established footprint in DRC to promote SA investmentsOnly one, albeit critical challenge:Political instability and insecurity and continued conflict in the KivusSA Inc. Project: Senegal – South Africa Bilateral TradeSenegal imports from SA: R 1 296 609 007SA Imports from Senegal: R 238 916 730Total Bilateral Trade: R1 535 525 737SA Inc. Project: Senegal Key FindingsAt political, business, art and societal level, Senegal is extremely open to the idea of increased interaction between the countriesRelatively low level of knowledge about South Africa, particularly about the country’s development post-1994;Potential for significant linkages such as the twinning of Goree Island and Robben IslandOpportunity to focus on 30 years since the 1987 meeting on Goree island between the ANC and a delegation of AfrikanersSenegal challenges SA to play more pro-active & leading role in promoting Africa’s developmentExpanded business interaction through increased contact with chambers of commerce, e.g. Dakar Chamber of CommercePotential for expanded agriculture sector interactionsAcademic contact and exchange, esp. Universite Du Sine Saloum Elhadj Ibrahima NiassThe SA Inc. Project: Key Findings 2014The Nation Brand concept & marketing strategy depends on stakeholder interactions, and challenges Brand SA to be open to changing domestic and international environmentsUnique nation brand reputational strengths: culture, music, business sophistication, infrastructure, political management of democratic transitionsChallenges: South Africans perceived as imposing, aggressive, and unwilling to listen to local adviceSA business to adopt market entry strategies that pay more attention to soft factors, e.g. local business culturePolitically, SA seen as progressive, with strong institutions, & democratic credentials.Internal developmental challenges cause for concern, e.g. xenophobia, misplaced perceptions about African expats in SA (esp. Kenya & Nigeria)SA music, art & cultural products well-received & followed, with continued interest in expanded interactionThe SA Inc. Project: Russia / BRICS 2015Activities and OutputsFieldwork Russia, July 2015Research Report, The Ufa Declaration and its Implications for the BRICS Brand, published 30 September 2015Dissemination at Roundtable, 30 September 2015Theme: Deepening the relationship between Brazil, Russia, India, China and South AfricaPanellists:Prof Garth Shelton, University of WitwatersrandMs Catherine Grant-Makokera, Tutwa ConsultingCounsellor Eric Sogocio, Head of the BRICS Section, Embassy of BrazilMr Yaroslav Shishkin, Deputy Head of Economic Section, Embassy of the Russian FederationMr. Randhir Jaiswal, Consul General of India‘The Ufa declaration and its implications for the BRICS brand’Highlights:Successes of BRICS in implementing Summit decisionsImplications of increased formalisation/institutionalisation for development of BRICSDevelopment of BRICS reflects positively on global governance capability of the five member statesThe SA Inc. Project: Publications (2014-2015)A lesson for Brand SA from Nigeria – Be bold, keep it real, and make it quick – a conversation on the art of Nollywood success. 23 August 2014, Brand South AfricaResearch Note. By: Dr Petrus de KockResearching the Nation Brand – background to the concept, and initial findings from fieldwork in Kenya and Nigeria. 18 September 2014. South Africa In(c) SeriesResearch Report #1 By: Dr Petrus de KockAfrican market entry strategy – learning to listen & listening to learn. 12 December 2014. Brand South Africa Research Note #2. 2014. By: Dr Petrus de KockDeveloping an SA Inc strategy for the Nation Brand, 28 July 2015, Brand South Africa Research Report, By: Dr. Judy Smith-Höhn & Dr Petrus de KockThe Ufa Declaration and its Implications for the BRICS Brand, 30 September 2015, Brands South Africa Research Note, By: Dr. Petrus de KockSA Inc Project: Angola Fieldwork Research Report, 16 November 2015, Brand SA Fieldwork Report, By: Dr. Petrus de Kock & Dr. Judy Smith-HöhnPrepared by Brand SA ResearchContact:Dr Petrus de Kock, GM – Researchpetrusd@brandsouthafrica.comDr Judy Smith-Höhn, Research Managerjudys@brandsouthafrica.comLeigh-Gail Petersen, Researcherleigh@brandsouthafrica.com